Perennials

Best 7 Perennial Flowers To Grow In Maryland

The following list of perennial flowers plants grows well in Maryland. All have different growing conditions and are not affected by soil types or moisture.

The great blue lobelia, a native of the Eastern Shore, blooms in late summer and early fall. The blooms are attractive and attract butterflies such as swallowtails.

The plant has a long blooming period, compared to other types of perennials. The great blue lobelia is a perennial that will bloom throughout the year.

Golden groundsel, a perennial plant that blooms in May to October, is a favorite of butterflies. This long-lived plant is part of the mint family and grows up to four feet tall.

For best results, grow it in full sun or partial shade. Wild bergamot is often mistaken for ragwort. Its flowers are yellow and fragrant and are attracted to butterflies.

These perennial flowers will last through the entire growing season and make a great addition to the garden.

The Turk’s cap lily is a North American native to Maryland. It will grow up to six feet tall, with flowering stems that are eight inches long.

Its yellow or red flowers are surrounded by a black center and are up to eight inches long. This plant grows well in moist soils and is drought-tolerant. They are also beautiful in containers. The Turk’s cap lily is one of Maryland’s state flowers.

Golden Alexander: This compact perennial grows to a height of 18 to 24 inches. It blooms in the late spring and repeats later in the season.

Its low-maintenance nature makes it an ideal perennial plant for the garden. It is suited to full sunlight and prefers well-drained soil. Its colorful foliage attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. These plants are hardy in USDA zones four to nine.

Perennials can be thinned to reduce the risk of disease. Thinned perennials can be planted at any time of the year. A cloudy day will minimize the risk of heat and sun.

A cool and dry day is best for transplanting perennials. If the transplanted perennials are too large, the plant will suffer from cold weather. Thinned plants can be moved to a more manageable size in the spring.



Every garden has a few spots where flowers don’t grow well. You might think you’re stuck with an eyesore if it’s too shady or regularly soggy.

Yet, Jacob’s Ladder (Polemonium reptans) is exactly looking for those conditions!

In addition to its whimsical appearance, Jacob’s Ladder has a practical appearance that would be at home in any garden!

Jacob’s Ladder is so named because of the symmetrical position of its dark green leaves.

According to some, they resemble Jacob’s ladder in the Bible. Plants sprout densely from stems and create a mounded appearance.

Jacob’s ladder looks like a fern because of the density of its narrow leaves.

In spite of the leaves, the true beauty of this plant is its bell-shaped flowers that appear in late spring and continue through summer.

It seems to change from a light sky blue to a pretty soft light purple depending on the light. On stems that look like green clouds, the blossoms appear to float.


Hot Lips Turtlehead


It has a funny name and is an elegant native beauty. The Hot Lips Turtlehead (Chelone lyonii ‘Hot Lips’) will surely make your guests laugh after they hear about it.

Pink, puffy corollas are produced by this flowering native from late summer through fall.

The lower petal is bell-shaped and covered in fine yellow hairs (imagine a pink turtle poking his tongue out). The petals are hot pink, periwinkle, lavender, and white.

There are late-season blooms available if you’re looking for them. Plants grow well in a wide range of conditions, including wet soil, which seems impossible to cultivate.

People aren’t the only ones who enjoy this delightful plant. Bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds are mesmerized by the pastel blooms. It’s hard not to take a few pictures when these pollinators stop by with such a colorful display.


Nodding Onion


This beautiful onion is perfect for naturalizing in a water-efficient garden.

These edible ornamentals are native to North America and are also called nodding onions.

Nodding onions are perennial bulbs that produce clusters of flowers, which are sweet and festive.

This simple beauty blooms in the summer in soft pink and purple colors.

The delicate flowers are arranged in umbel-like displays at the base of the stem.

They are popular with butterflies and honeybees. Their nectar also attracts hummingbirds.

Gardening is an experience filled with many details. This wind-loving plant has pendulous flower heads and long, grassy leaves that bob and weave when the wind blows. Movement makes a landscape more dynamic.


Bronze Wave Coral Bells


The Bronze Wave Coral Bells (Heuchera villosa f. purpurea ‘Bronze Wave’) are a larger, more robust selection of Coral Bells with bronzy purple leaves!

Deeply cut, textured leaves have a two-tone effect, new growth is maroon to purple while older growth changes to green with purple undertones!

Pollinators love the tall pinkish-white blooms, held on thin stems, looking so dainty above the bold leaves!

Stunningly colorful ground covers are spread throughout perennial beds and borders.

Use these vibrant leaves to highlight the foliage around trees, shrubs, and focal points, such as birdbaths or sculptures, in your garden!

This plant is perfect for edging and defining mixed plantings and rock gardens, or to fill areas with color in large quantities.


Fireworks Evening Primrose


An enchanting native with a sun-loving personality, the Fiery Evening Primrose (Oenothera ‘fireworks’) can be found everywhere the skies are clear.

It has big canary yellow blooms, bright red buds, like little explosions rising above a compact cluster of deep bronze foliage as the stems are dark-red.

They fill spring and early summer with radiant colors as these perennials bloom for long periods of time.

Then autumn brings the show even longer with the deep color of fall!

Beds and borders with lots of sunshine are perfect locations for growing!

The sunburst of color will be created by planting in Perennial gardens, Cottage gardens, and Pollinator gardens.

The small, compact plants are ideal for edging flower gardens in contrast colors. These hardy native plants grow well on slopes and in rock gardens as well.


Sweet Kate Spiderwort


There is a beautiful gold leaf form associated with the Spiderwort ‘Sweet Kate’, Tradescantia.

It is a very interesting brand new import from the UK which is taking the gardening world by storm.

Golden foliage (brightest in full sun) is complemented by a procession of deep blue flowers. These blossoms appear from late spring to the beginning of fall.

It appears that when the stems of spiderworts are cut, a viscous secretion is released which, when it hardens, becomes threadlike and silky, just like a spider’s web.

It is because of this that the plant is called spiderwort. “Sweet Kate” opens wide and flat during the heat of the day, then withers and curls under overnight, only to return in the morning with a new batch of blooms. Spiderworts are very similar to daylilies when it comes to the look of the foliage on them.

In the event of flowering slowing down, behead ‘Sweet Kate’, and it will continue to grow and flower all over again. ‘Sweet Kate’ has the ability to make each plant into a true work of art. In addition to its use in shade gardens, it also works well in a combination of partial shade and full sun.