Best Evergreen Trees to Plant in Minnesota
In Minnesota landscapes, evergreen trees are dependable elements that offer year-round beauty. They stand out in the stark, winter-white landscape long after the last scarlet maple leaf has fallen and before the first pastel lilac emerges as beacons of promise.
The evergreen is one of the most magnificent trees that Minnesotans and landowners enjoy. There are numerous options for your next landscaping project, given the wide range of evergreen species available. Some evergreens, however, do better than others in the Minnesota environment.
You should research the best coniferous and evergreen trees for Minnesota landscapes and which ones will work best in your yard before choosing the trees that will look best there. You may reap the numerous advantages of these conifers in your landscape all year long if you stay with cultivars that do well in the Midwestern environment. Based on the constantly shifting Minnesota seasons, here is a breakdown of what you should know about the numerous kinds of evergreen trees.
Understanding the Types of Evergreens
Conifer and broadleaf trees are the two main subtypes of evergreen trees. The broadleaf variants have leafy foliage as opposed to the conifer species, which have needle-like foliage and typically bear cones. Both varieties are frequently the greatest evergreen trees for Minnesota landscaping, but before you plant anything, you should become familiar with the growing requirements of your soil. Your evergreens, conifers, or broadleaf plants' survival ability will depend on how well they are maintained. Some are hardier than others in particular climates.
Before choosing the ideal evergreen trees for your Minnesota landscape, there are a few factors to take into account such as:
- Soil Type
- Growth Space
- Hardiness Zone
7 Evergreens to Grow in Minnesota
The coniferous species should be included first because they are frequently the best for Minnesota temperatures and landscape designs. Any yard space is enhanced by its colors and charms. The following evergreens ought to be at the top of your list of priorities:
1. Eastern White Pine
The eastern white pine is one of Minnesota's most well-known and quickly expanding types of evergreens. Because of its soft, wispy-looking needles, it is well-liked. These trees can reach heights of up to 100 feet when they are mature, and they have lustrous bark when they are young. Since they are endemic to Minnesota, you will frequently notice them scattered throughout the state's natural terrain.
2. Red Pine
The official state tree of Minnesota must be included on any list of the top conifer trees for Minnesota landscaping. Another natural species you'll enjoy using in your landscaping is the red pine, sometimes the Norway pine. Its bright red bark, which resembles puzzle pieces, is how it got its name. When fully grown, they can reach heights of up to 80 feet, providing a stunning backdrop and shelter on windy days.
3. Scotch Pine
The Scotch pine, another typical conifer in Minnesota, is typically cultivated for Christmas trees in the colder months. These resilient types, which may be found worldwide, are favorites in any landscaping scheme. They can reach heights of 60 to 80 feet, providing the ideal backdrop for any yard, park, or commercial property boundary.
4. White Spruce
Spruce trees are popular for many landscaping projects since they flourish in Minnesota's most extreme temperature variations. The white spruce is usually a well-suited complement to both urban and rural environments while growing more slowly than a Norway spruce. These evergreens are easily recognized by their medium size and thick shape, and they often reach heights of 60 feet.
5. Austrian Pine
Consider including the non-native Austrian pine in your landscaping plan if your soil tends to be dry or if you live in a more crowded location with winter salt spray or pollution. These fir trees are among the best for Minnesota settings in cities and by the sides of roads. These trees can grow up to 60 feet tall at their tallest point.
You might take into account the soft, lacy needles of the arborvitae for regions of your garden that receive both full and partial sun. These conifer species are tiny and mature to around 6 feet.
Their thin, pyramidal shape makes them ideal for borders and bulk planting. Foraging deer, who like these trees as a food source, must be kept in mind.
7. False Cypress
The blue and gold faux cypress is perfect if you seek leaves with a feathery appearance and growth patterns resembling tall, slender columns. These fir trees are among the best for Minnesota landscapes, mainly planted as border ornaments and privacy accents. At full maturity, these trees can reach heights of 20 feet and a width of 6 feet. They also need full to partial sun. Therefore, pruning is essential.
Broadleaf Evergreen Varieties to Consider
An evergreen of the broadleaf variety is something to think about if you want more lush leaves. The following evergreen trees are the greatest for Minnesota landscaping projects and ought to be at the top of your list:
● Magnolia in the South
The southern magnolia, often known as the "little jewel," is a complete, sun-loving evergreen with a maximum height and width of 20 feet and 10 feet, respectively. Unlike most others, this Magnolia tree species has a narrow growth habit that makes it ideal for gardens and modest landscaping spaces. You can also enjoy the big, fragrant white flowers these trees have all through spring and summer.
● Japanese Holly
Because of their capacity to survive extreme weather and their look of a super-narrow hedge, these evergreen trees are some of the best for landscaping in Minnesota. Another excellent choice for borders and seclusion is the Japanese holly, commonly known as "sky pencil," which may reach heights of up to 10 feet. Consider adding Japanese holly to your yard if you appreciate the plant's year-round iridescent green leaves and dark blue berries in the fall.
Choosing the Best Evergreen Trees for Minnesota Soil Types
If you still need to decide which evergreen is ideal for your landscaping project, consider limiting your options depending on how well your soil supports plant growth. The following list provides a broad overview of which evergreen trees flourish in several typical Minnesota climates:
- Jack pines, Mugo pines, red pines, ponderosa pines, rocky mountain junipers, and douglas fir are among the exposed and windy trees.
- Balsam Firs, Black Spruce, and American Arborvitae grow in wet soils.
- Austrian Pines, White Firs, Ponderosa Pines, and Arborvitae Grow in Clayish Soils
- Japanese elm, Canadian elm, and Canada elm are shaded areas.
- Mugo Pines, Junipers, and Scotch Pines grow in sandier soils.
- Black Hills Spruce, Mugo Pines, Junipers, Ponderosa Pines, and Arborvitae have high pH levels.
These species are some of the best and hardiest evergreen trees for Minnesota landscape designs if you consider evergreens to include in your landscaping project. Enjoy a few of these broadleaf trees or the greatest conifer trees for accentuating Minnesota landscaping. Whatever kind you decide on, you can be sure that your evergreen will be able to weather the Minnesota climate's cyclical changes all year long.
The greatest strategy to maintain young evergreens' health and vitality is to use appropriate watering methods. If the ground is not frozen, watering well into late fall, which may even mean early December, will prevent winter burn and needle desiccation (drying out) from the sun and winter winds.
Water deeply once or twice a week, especially before the dry, windy winter days come in, unless Mother Nature gives a few inches of rain each week. Evergreen trees need enough moisture all year round since they do not lose most of their needles like deciduous trees do with their leaves. This is especially true in the fall. These towering giants will remain a gem in the landscape for many years with the proper care.
What is the fastest-growing evergreen tree in Minnesota?
The Eastern White Pine is the pine that grows the quickest in Minnesota. Eastern White Pines can grow to a height of 100 feet. They are the enormous conifer (cone-bearing tree) in Minnesota, and bald eagles frequently use them as nesting sites.
What is the best tree to plant in Minnesota?
Spruces, black and white, and firs. They are great options for windbreaks or shelterbelts. The needles of cedars are scaled. Smaller than pines and spruces, cedars can offer cover and food to wildlife.