Best 6 Plum Trees To Grow In Alabama
The Southeast, including Alabama and other areas, has been growing plums for several centuries. Although one of the 18 kinds of plums found worldwide, the prune plum (Prunus domestica) is not widely grown in Alabama, despite its importance in the United States.
Japanese plums (Prunus salicina), the nation’s most dominant plum, are produced in the state. Due to inconsistent cropping, Japanese plums aren’t the primary fruit crop of many producers throughout the Southeast. Most plum producers in Alabama grow them as a secondary crop to their peach crops, especially in some of the northern counties.
Peaches and plums have similar cultural requirements. Rootstocks, pruning, pest management, nutrient availability, irrigation, and harvesting are all important to plums.
Production of plums is a risky business due to a number of major obstacles. The most serious problem comes from early flowering, which can cause damage to crops from late winter’s and early spring’s freezes. However, the high susceptibility of Japanese plums to the Prunus disease complex in the Southeast, particularly bacterial infections, creates significant problems with tree longevity.
Trees grown in California are known to have the shortest lifespan (often four to ten years) of all tree fruits. Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial canker) and plum leaf scald are two of the most serious diseases that affect plums.
Plum leaf scald is a disease caused by a bacteria, Xylella fastidiosa, that is associated with the phony peach complex. Fungal diseases, such as black knot (Apisporina morbosa), can also reduce tree growth and longevity.
Rootstocks used to propagate peaches and nectarines are often used for plums as well. The Guardian peach rootstock is preferred for plantings in old orchard sites.
Lovell peach and Halford peach are commonly used rootstocks for the southeast. South Alabama may continue to use Nemaguard peach rootstock for virgin plantings.
Several plum varieties studied in Alabama over the past 10 years have failed to deliver consistent yields. These studies and orchard experiences have left plums as a very marginal commercial crop in the Southeast due to their poor cropping record.
In this most recent study, the best-performing varieties failed to produce sufficient yields to be profitable consistently.
4-in-1 Plum Tree
Beautiful plum trees and their mouth-watering fruit are available in several different varieties. It is tough to make a decision if space is limited to just one. Therefore, based on the best cultivars available, we have chosen four varieties from them. Consequently, you’ll be able to choose from the following varieties:
The blossoms of the 4-in-1 Plum tree burst into vibrant color in the spring, accompanied by a lush backdrop of green foliage. Flowers from these four cultivars bloom at varying intervals, depending on your region, so you can enjoy their beauty for weeks at a time. Definitely one of the most impressive trees I’ve seen.
Black Ice Plum Tree
Black Ice plum trees are the California plum trees of the midwest. They can withstand low temperatures down to -30 degrees Fahrenheit.
As a result, your tree won’t freeze to death below freezing, so you’ll never have to worry about replanting when it gets cold.
A striking architectural display is created by the branches weeping over the trunk of this Lydecker plum tree.
A lush green canopy surrounds the tiny, white flowers that bloom in the spring. Your tree will be full of large plums in red, yellow, and purplish-black by the end of July.
Burgundy Plum Tree
Burgundy Plum Trees offer a healthy harvest of juicy Japanese Plums with a small pit (meaning you get more fruit), making them an excellent choice for home gardens.
It is especially hardy in colder climates. Plus, you get a prolonged harvest with the Burgundy Plum. Burgundy plums promise months of fruit.
There is virtually no tart flavor in the plums made from Burgundy. Your first few seasons of growing fruit come from your own backyard, and you can compare them to supermarket fruit.
2-in-1 Plum Surprise Tree
What kind of tree produces two types of juicy plums? Plum Surprise offers you two great products in one, almost too good to be true. It won’t take a lot of space for you to enjoy a big harvest every year. Your first harvest will be a sweet surprise: you won’t know which three types of plums are grafted on your tree until it produces fruit!
Additionally, you’ll get fruit right away. Two trees are grafted together, which means the top of one tree is spliced onto the rootstock of another tree. As a result, you get a mature harvest even though there is virtually no maintenance required.
Nothing to guess, nothing to bother with, nothing to fuss with. Plum thrives under most conditions and is resilient. Even though your plum tree is bred to grow in areas with colder climates, it can still survive in southern areas.
Santa Rosa Plum Tree