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NATIVE PLANT LIST - Kentucky and Tennessee

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Kentucky and Tennessee. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS     PERENNIALS-SUN    PERENNIALS-SHADE  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Soil
Moist.
Height
     Comments  
  Red Maple
Downy Serviceberry
River Birch
Hickory
Redbud
Yellowwood
Flowering Dogwood
American Beech
American Holly
Eastern Red Cedar
Sweetgum
Tulip Tree, Tulip Poplar
Blackgum
American Hophornbeam
Oak
Carolina Buckthorn
Rusty Black. Viburnum

Acer rubrum
Amelanchier arborea
Betula nigra
Carya
spp.
Cercis canadensis
Cladrastis kentukea
Cornus florida
Fagus grandifolia
Ilex opaca
Juniperus virginiana
Liquidamb. styraciflua
Liriodendron tulipifera
Nyssa sylvatica
Ostrya virginiana
Quercus
spp.
Rhamnus caroliniana
Viburnum rufidulum
F
F
F
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
F
F
F
F
F
P-S
F-S
W- D
A-D
W-A
A-D
A-D
A
A-D
A
A-D
A-D
W-A
A
A-D
A
Var.
A-D
A-D
50-75'
15-25'
40-70'
50-80'
20-30'
40-60'
20-30'
85+'
20-40'
40-50'
60-85'
70-90'
30-60"
25-40'
35-80'
20'
20-25'
Buds and young twigs are red; Great fall color
Yellow - orange, red fall color, white flowers (Apr)
Yellow fall color
Rich gold fall color; Nuts eaten by mammals and birds
April cluster of rosy pink flowers line branches and trunk
Flowers after 12-18 years, fragrant and white
White or pink flowers Apr-May
Nut in fall attacts birds, mammals, humans
To insure fruit, 1 male neededper 2-3 females
Offers nesting and cover to birds
Brilliant scarlet-red to red-purple fall cover
Large tulip-like flowers are yellow- green-orange May-Jun
Scarlet red autumn color
Fall foliage is pale yellow
Human, birds, mammals, butterflies enjoy oaks
Yellow-green flowers in May; berries eaten by birds
Creamy white clusters of flowers in May
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
     Comments  
  Red Chokeberry
Beautyberry
New Jersey Tea
Buttonbush
Sweet Pepperbush
Strawberry Bush
Wild Hydrangea
Oakleaf Hydrangea
Shrubby St. Johns Wort
Possumhaw Holly
Winterberry
Virginia Sweetspire
Spicebush
Ninebark
Piedmont Azalea
Pinxterbloom Azalea
Fragrant Sumac
Carolina Rose
American Bladdernut
Farkleberry
Arrowwood Viburnum
Aronia arbutifolia
Callicarpa americana
Ceanothus americana
Cephalanth. occidentalis
Clethra alnifolia
Euonymus americanus
Hydrang. arborescens
Hydrangea quercifoia
Hypericum prolificum
Ilex decidua
Ilex verticillata
Itea virginica
Lindera bezoin
Physocarp. opulifolius
Rhododend. canescens
Rhod. periclymenoides
Rhus aromatica
Rosa carolina
Staphylea trifolia
Vaccinium arboreum
Viburnum dentatum

F
F
F-P
F-P
F
P-S
P-S
P-S
F
P-S
F
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
F
F
P-S
P-S
P-S
W-A
A
D
W-A
W-A
A
A
A
A-D
W-A
W-A
W-A
A
W-D
A
W-D
D
W-D
W-A
D
W-A
6-11'
3-6'
3'
5-12'
5-10'
4-6'
3-6'
3-6'
1-4'
12-20'
6-12'
4-10'
6-12'
5-10'
6-15'
4-6'
2-6'
3-4'
8-14'
20'
6-12'
Red berries on shrub eaten by mammals and birds
Lav-pink flowers, purple berries; yellow color (fall)
Short spikes of tiny white flowers in June
Spherical white blossom heads
Sm. white fragrant flowers in Aug; yellow-orange (fall)
Purplish flowers (May); red seed pods attract birds
Clusters of greenish-white flowers Jun-Jul
Reddish-orange to purplish-brown color in Autumn
Bright yellow flowers
Red berries eaten late in season by birds
Red berries feed birds through cold season
Fragrant white flowers; leaves red to purple in Autumn
Tiny yellow flowers (fragrant); berries for birds
Yellow fall color; berries for birds; white flowers
Fragrant white to pink flowers Apr-May
Large clusters of pink to purple frag. flowers Apr-May
Bright scarlet, orange, purple fall color; Aromatic
Yellow-orange-red fall color, pink flowers May-Jul
Drooping racemes of green-white bell-like flowers (May)
Twisted branches; Crimson fall color; Black. berries
Flowers May-Jun; Small blue-black berries in fall
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennials - Sun          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
     Comments  
 

Bluestar
Butterfly Weed
Aster
Tickseed
Purple Coneflower
Joe-Pye-Weed
Purple-hd. Sneezeweed
Swamp Sunflower
Blazing Star
Wild Bergamot
White Beard-tongue
Summer Phlox
Silverleaf Mtn. Mint
Black-eyed Susan
Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod
Ironweed

Am. tabernaemontana
Asclepias tuberosa
Aster
spp.
Coreopsis
spp.
Echinacea purpurea
Eupatorium
spp.
Helenium flexuosum
Helianth. angustifolius
Liatris
spp.
Monarda fistulosa
Penstemon digitalis
Phlox paniculata
Pycnanthemum incanum
Rudbeckia fulgida
Solidago rugosa
Vernonia gigantea

F-P
F
P-S
F-P
F
F
F
F
F
F-P
F
F-P
F
F
F
F

A
D
A-D
A-D
A-D
A
A
W-A
D
A-D
A-D
A
A-D
A
W-D
W-A

3'
1-2'
1-5'
Var.
3-5'
5-9'
1-4'
5-7'
2-5'
3-4'
3+'
2-4'
2-4'
2-3'
3-7'
7'

Small pale blue flowers in May; butterflies
Clusters of brilliant orange flowers Jun-Aug
Will grow in low nitrogen soil; Attracts butterflies
Bright Yellow Flowers
Purple, long- lasting flowers summer-fall
Attracts butterflies
1" flowers; purplish-brown disks
3" yellow rayed flowers
Liberally set with purple flowers
Pink-lavender clusters; tubular florets Jun-Jul
Pale lavender to white flowers May-Jun
Magenta, pink, or white flower clusters May-Jun
Small purple flowers above whitened upper leaves
Deep yellow flowers with dark brown disks Jul-Aug
Do well in any well-drained soil
Large, loose clusters of red-purple flowers

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find Community Services:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennials - Shade        
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height      Comments  
 

White Baneberry
Wild Columbine
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Wild Ginger
Wild Geranium
Alumroot
Crested Iris
Cardinal Flower
Wild Blue Phlox
Jacob's Ladder
Solomon's Seal
Solomon's Plume
Wreath Goldenrod
Foamflower

Actea pachypoda
Aquilegia canadensis
Arisaema triphyllum
Asarum canadense
Geranium maculatum
Heuchera americana
Iris cristata
Lobelia cardinalis
Phlox divaricata
Polemonium reptans
Polygonatum biflorum
Smilacina racemosa
Solidago caesia
Tiarella cordifolia

P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S

A
A-D
A
A
A
A-D
A-D
W-A
A
A
A
A
A
A

1-2.5'
1-2.5'
12+"
4-6"
1-2'
2'
4-8"
2-4'
12-18"
12-18"
18-30"
1-3'
2-3'
6-12"

White flowers in spring; poisonous berries Aug-Sep
Unique red and yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Spathe in Apr-May; red berries late sum-fall
Dense creeping deciduous ground cover
Pink-lavender 5-petaled flowers Apr-May
Light-green foliage with bronzy veining & edges
Pale lavender-blue crested flowers Apr-May
Brilliant red tubular flowers adorn stem Jul-Sep
Fragrant lavender-blue flowers Apr-May
Terminal clusters of blue bell-shaped flowers in April
Small white-green bells hang from leaf axles
Plume of tiny starry flowers in May
Tiny golden flowers on bluish-cast stem
Evergreen ground cover; feathery white flowers (Apr)

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS     PERENNIALS-SUN    PERENNIALS-SHADE  
 

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION:

1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Margie Hunter, author of Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.
http://www.gardeningwithnativeplants.com

2. PlantNative Staff.

 



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