In the U.S., cold winters are not suitable for fig trees (Ficus carica). According to the Department of Agriculture, zones 8 through 10 are hardy. According to agriculturists at the University of Maryland, Marylanders can grow figs because it is in hardiness zones 6b and 7a. It is important to choose cold-hardy varieties of fig trees if you plan to grow them in Maryland. Brown Turkey (Hibiscus carica “Brown Turkey”), Osborne (Hibiscus carica “Osborne”), and Celeste (Hibiscus carica “Celeste”) are among these.
You can grow fig trees in Maryland in containers placed on casters to ensure a healthy stand. When the weather turns cold, you will be able to roll the awning to a storage area protected from the elements. A 30-gallon container filled with compost-rich potting soil is the best place to grow the fig tree. During mild weather, move it to a sunny spot and water when the soil is dry on top. When the flowers fade and fruit starts to form on the potted fig tree, give it 2-3 gallons of water.
Ground-grown fig trees present a number of challenges. Pick a site that receives plenty of sunlight and warmth in your garden. If you have a south-facing wall, plant the tree closest to it so that the sun’s rays will reflect off the wall. Space fig trees six to eight feet apart if you’re growing more than one.
Brown Turkey Fig Tree
A Brown Turkey can be grown in a container on your deck, patio, or balcony. You can also find fresh fruit in the center of the city, since it is tolerant of urban conditions.
Cover your container well or move it into a shed or garage that is not heated to go dormant over the winter in growing Zones 5 and 6. The show begins again when you take it outside!
(Pro tip: use a sturdy pot caddy so that your container can sit on top of the caddy first, before you fill it with dirt and plant your figs. It will make your life a lot easier!)
Its mild flavor, rich sweetness, and rich texture make this fig a favorite among many people. For preserving, canning, drying or eating fresh, this fruit is superb.
Chicago Hardy Fig Tree
Epicurean edible gardening is an experience you can never forget! A fruit or vegetable you’ve grown yourself is always more satisfying than those purchased from a store.
With this cold-hardy fig tree, you can expect an abundant crop of tasty figs in late summer. There’s also a Chicago hardy fig tree (Ficus carica ‘Chicago Hardy’) that’s absolutely gorgeous.
A distinct feature of Chicago Hardy Fig is its leathery, dark green three-fingered leaves. They reach a length of 10 inches!
These plants will create a Mediterranean look in Northern gardens. Imagine how sophisticated your balcony or patio would look with a pair or trio of containerized plants.
Osborne Prolific Fig Tree
It’s all about the figs! That’s the sentiment you get when you plant the Osborne Prolific Fig Tree (Ficus carica ‘Osborne Prolific’)! Fig growers can anticipate not just one, but TWO bumper crops every year from this special variety!
Its “prolific” moniker is well-deserved, as it produces two ripenings each year, one in the spring and one in the fall.
Spring is here, and your Fig trees will begin hanging heavy with purple-skinned, red-hued fruit. Beautiful amber colored, pink blushed flesh with a wonderfully sweet, scrumptious taste is the hallmark of the large figs produced by the Osborne Prolific Fig!
It’s time for spring’s harvest of delicious gems, just in time for the start of summer barbecues and picnics! In a few months, your Osborne Prolific Fig Tree will produce an abundant harvest just in time for fall baking and jam making!
Desert King Fig Tree
Fig trees are a great source of fresh, high-quality fruit. The figs are sweet and flavorful, with a strawberry hue, and the plant produces bushels of this coveted cultivar. Due to its Californian heritage, it is a proven performer in California gardens.
In addition, the Desert King grows easily. Gardeners in coastal and high elevation zones can grow Desert because its fruit ripens during middle to late summer. Moreover, it can withstand late spring frosts without a problem. As a result, it can be easily adapted to meet your needs, especially since it can thrive almost anywhere.
Black Mission Fig Tree
Black Mission Figs are the most popular and hard to find figs because of their sweet taste and incredible texture. In order to save money and enjoy a home-grown taste, you can now grow your own.
This is an easy way to grow Black Mission. Fruiting Black Mission Fig trees need little pruning, fertilizing, or waiting in comparison to other types. It won’t take long for you to pick delicious, sweet figs right from your tree. Place the tree in a pot if your climate gets cold and bring it inside when it freezes.
Celeste Fig Tree
Great fig trees have a significant astronomical value. You need a fruit-bearing, medium-sized tree that can stand up to the elements? It fits the bill to plant a Celestial Fig Tree. This highly productive, cold-hardy, pest- and disease-resistant tree fits well in a variety of planting locations. Within a short period of time, your tree will be covered in thick greenery.
Its leaves are large, capable of growing up to a foot long. In part due to their unique “closed eye” feature, medium-sized figs are a great number. This feature works like a defense mechanism against dry fruit beetles and prevents spoilage. How did it turn out? The more figs you harvest, the more delicious they will be.