Native Plants

Native Plant List for Ohio and Indiana

This is a "starter" list of native plants for Ohio and Indiana. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.

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Ohio and Indiana Trees

Common Name Scientific Name Sun Soil Moisture Heights     Comments
Silver maple Acer saccharinum F-P A-W 60-75' Lacy leaves with a white bloom on the underside
Ohio buckeye Aesculus glabra F-P A 30-50' Yellow flowers; yellow/orange fall color; abundant nuts
Shadblow Amelanchier canadensis F D 1-20' White flowers bloom in early spring; edible fruit
Paw Paw Asimina triloba P-S A 40' Unique fruit resembles & tastes like bananas
River Birch Betula nigra F A-W 40-70' Modest yellow fall color; seed attracts birds
American Hornbeam Carpinus carolineana P-S W-A 20-30' Good street tree; yellow, orange, scarlet fall color
Redbud Cersis canadensis F-S A-D 20-30' In April clusters of rosy pink flowers line branches
Fringe Tree Chionanthus virginicus F-P A-W 15-20' Wispy clusters of white flowers appear in late spring
Yellowwood Cledrastris lutea F A 30-50' Clusters of fragrant white flowers; yellow fall color
Spindletree Euonymus atropurpureus P-S A 8-12' Small purplish flowers become red fruit; red fall color
Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica F-P A 50-60' Grows fast; yellow fall color
American Holly Ilex opaca F-P A-D 20-40' To ensure fruit one male is needed per 2-3 females
Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua F W-A 60-85' Brilliant scarlet-red, red-purple fall color
Tulip Poplar Liriodendron tulipfera F A 70-90' Large tulip-like flowers are yellow, green & orange
Black Gum Nyssa sylvatica F A-D 30-60' Scarlet red autumn color
Sourwood Oxyodendrum F-P A 30' D rooping fragrant white flowers; pink/red fall color
Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus F A 50-80' Bluish-green evergreen needles
Pin Oak Quercus palustris P-S A-W 60-80' Russett, bronze, red fall color
Black Willow Salix nigra F-P A-W 50+' Host plant for butterflies
American Hemlock Tsuga canadensis F-S A 40-60' Evergreen with pendulous look; intolerant of drought

Ohio and Indiana Shrubs

Common Name Scientific Name Sun Soil Moisture Heights     Comments
Red Chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia F-P W-D 5-10' Brilliant red fruit; striking scarlet to orange fall color
Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpus F-P D-W 3-5' Dependable showy orange, burgundy, purple fall color
Sweet Shrub Calycanthus floridus F-S A 6-10' Interesting red or maroon strawberry-scented flowers
Clove Bush Ribes odoratum F-P A 6-12' Yellow flowers with strong clove scent; birds eat berries
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis F-P W-A 3-8' Golf-ball like flowers hang and attract butterflies
Sweet Pepperbush Clethra alnifolia F-P W-A 2-4' Ivory white fragrant blooms in summer
Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginica F-S A-D 8-20' Golden yellow flowers in fall
Wild Hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens P-F A 36"-5' Large clusters of creamy white flowers bloom in June
Sweetspire Itea virginica F-P W-D 3-6' Whte blooms in early summer; red & orange fall color
Winterberry Ilex verticillata F-P W-A 6-10' Greenish-white flowers bloom in early spring
Spicebush Lindera benzoin P-S W-A 8-15' Yellow blooms in early spring
Bayberry Myrica pennsylvanica F D-W 5-8' Semi-evergreen; transplants well
Elderberry Sambucus canadensis F-P W-A 5-10' Pinnate leaves; blooms early summer
Maple Leaf Viburnum Viburnum acerifolium F-P A-D 6' Pie-shaped clusters of white flowers; beautiful fall color
Northern Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum F-P D-A 5-9' Flowers May-Jun; small blue-black berries in fall
Nannyberry Viburnum lentago F-P A-D 18' White flat-topped clusters up to 5" across in May
Blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium F-P A-D 8-15' Creamy white flowers in spring
American Cranberry Viburnum trilobum F-P A-W 8-12' White flowers & edible, bright red fruit attracts birds

Ohio and Indiana Flowering Perennials

Common Name Scientific Name Sun Soil Moisture Heights     Comments
White Yarrow Achillea millifolium F D 8"-5' 2-6" clusters of pink, white or yellow flowers Jun & Sept
Sweetflag Acorus calamus F W 1-3' This grass is a nice vertical long-leaf garden feature
Doll's Eyes Actea pachypoda P-S A 1-2.5' Small bright white flowers; poisonous white berries
Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis P-S A-D 1-2.5' Unique red & yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum P-S A 12+" Spathe appears Mar-May; red berries late sum-fall
Goat's Beard Aruncus dioicus P-S A 4-6' 6-10" plumes of small cream-colored flowers
Ginger Asarum canadense P-S A 6" Evergreen groundcover; glossy heart-shaped leaves
Butterfly Weed Asclepia tuberosa F A-D 2-3' Brilliant orange flowers; butterfly host plant
Common Milkweed Asclepia syriaca F-P A 2-4' Pink clusters of fragrant flowers; food of larval Monarch
New England Aster Aster novae-angliae F A 3-7' Bright lavender flowers with yellow centers late sum-fall
White False Indigo Baptesia lactea F-P A 3-5' Vivid stalks of white flowers grow rapidly
Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris F A 1-2' 1-1.5" bright yellow flowers in spring & summer
Blue Cohosh Cauloph. thalictroides P-S A 1-2' small yellow flowers, blue berries in grape-like clusters
Turtlehead Chelone glabra F-P A 1-3' White to pink 1-1.5" flowers summer into fall
Bugbane Cimifuga racemosa P-S A 3-8' Long slender candle-like clusters of white flowers
Dutchman's Breeches Dicentra cucullaria S A 1' White & yellow flowers resemble a pair of pantaloons
Shooting Star Dodecatheon meadia F-P A 1-2' Delicate white/pink petals, red & yellow center
Joe-pye-weed Eupatorium fistulosa F-P A 5-8' Purplish-pink flowers explode attracting butterflies
White Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum F-P A-W 2-4' Flat-top clusters of small white flowers in fall
Flowering Spurge Euphorbia corolatta F A-D 2-4' "Baby's breath of the Prairie" blooms in Aug
Queen-of-the-Prairie Fillipendula rubra F A 4-5' Show-stopping large pink plumes in Jun-Jul
Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum F-S A 1-2' 1" lavender-purple flowers in spring
St. John's Wort Hypericum spp. F-S A-D 1-4' 3" yellow flowers; dark green foliage(groundcover)
Dwarf Crested Iris Iris cristata P-S A-D 4-8" Pale lavender-blue crested flowers Apr-May
Yellow Water Iris Iris pseudoacorus F-P A-W 3' Bright yellow flowers pencilled with black Apr-Aug
Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus F-P A-D 7' Attracts butterflies
Spiked Gayfeather Liatris spicata F A 2-5' Bright pinkish-purple stalks of interesting flowers Aug
Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica P-S W 1-3' Elongated cluster of pale to dard blue flowers late sum
Moneywort Lysmachia nummularis F-P A 3-6" Attractive yellow flowers
Yellow Loosestrife lysmachia punctata F-P A 3' Leaves & yellow star flowers in whorls up the stems Jun
Virginia Blue Bells Mertensia virginica P-S A 12-24" Pink flower buds open to sky blue Mar-Apr
Bee Balm Monarda didyma F-P A 3-4' Edible leaves; flowers attract butterflies, hummingbirds
Blue Phlox Phlox divaracata F-P A 10-20" Covered with 1.5" lavender to pink flowers in spring
Jacob's Ladder Polemonium reptans P-S A 1' Terminal clusters of light blue, bell-shaped flowers Apr
Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum P-S A 18-30" Small creamy white to green bells hang from leaf axils
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta F A-D 2-3' 2-4" flower heads with 10-20 bright yellow petals
Brown-eyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba F-P A 2-3' Hundreds of small deep gold daisy-like flowers
Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis S A 6-10" 2" white flowers with yellow centers; roots have red sap
Sedum Sedum ternatum F-P A 2-4" Fleshy evergreen foliage; white star-like flowers spring
Celadine Poppy Stylophorum diphyllum S A 18" 2" wide lemon-yellow flowers
Foam Flower Tiarella cordifolia P-S A 6-12" Evergreen groundcover; feathery white flowers Apr-Jun
Trillium Trillium spp. S A 6-12" White/pink flowers have 3 broad petals, spring bloom
Ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis F-P W 4-6' Purple flowers attract butterflies in summer
Blue Wood Violet Viola papilionacea P-S A 6-10" Purple violet blooms in spring; spreads readily
Yellow Root Xanthorhiz. simplicissima F-P A-W 2' Plum-colored flowers(spring); orange & purple fall color
Soapweed Yucca glauca F D 1-3' Stiff, narrow leaves; white bell-shaped blossoms

Ohio and Indiana Perennial Ferns

Common Name Scientific Name Sun Soil Moisture Heights     Comments
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea F-P A-W 24-48" Circular cluster of arching fronds; brown fertile fronds
Christmas Fern Polystickum acrostichoides S A 12-36" Stiff deep green fronds are once-pinnate
Goldie Fern Dryopteris goldiana S A-W 2-3" Large, vigorous, attractive fern with bright green fronds
Leatherwood Fern Dryopteris marginalis S A 2-3' Deak green leathery-looking evergreen fern
Lady Fern Athyrium felix-femina S A-W 18-24" Delicate & lacy arching fronds; dark red stems at matur
Maidenhair Fern Adianthum pedatum S A 18-36" Fan-shaped blue-green fronds; delicate black stems
Royal Fern Osmunda regalis P A-W 2-6' Bi-pinnate blade; pinnae resemble locust tree leaves
Sensitive Fern Onoclea sensibillis F-P A-W 12-24" Deeply pinnate leaves; poisonous to livestock

Sun Exposure Soil Moisture Drought Tolerance
F = Full Sun W = Wet E = Excellent
P = Part Sun A = Average G = Good
S = Shade D = Dry M = Moderate
P = Poor