Native Plants

Native Plant List for Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island

This is a "starter" list of native plants for Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.

See Also:

Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island - Trees

Common Name Scientific Name
Red Maple Acer rubrum
American Hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis
Sour Gum Nyssa sylvatica
American Hop Hornbeam Ostrya virginiana
Fire Cherry Prunus pensylvanica
White Oak Quercus alba

Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island - Shrubs

Common Name Scientific Name
Sweet Pepperbush Clethra alnifolia
Winterberry Holly Ilex verticillata
Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia
Swamp Azalea Rhododendron viscosum
Highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum
American Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum

Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island - Ground Cover and Vines

Common Name Scientific Name
Climbing Bittersweet Celastrus scandens
Virgin's Bower Clematis virginiana
Trumpet Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island - Flowering Perennials

Common Name Scientific Name
Pearly Everlasting Anaphalis margaritacca
Plantain Pussy-toes Antennaria plantaginifolia
Wild Red Columbine Aquilegia canadensis
Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum
Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata
White Wood Aster Aster divaricatus
Heath Aster Aster ericoides
Smooth Aster Aster laevis
New England Aster Aster novae-angliae
Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia
Turtlehead Chelone glabra
Hollow Joe-Pye-Weed Eupatorium fistulosum
Spotted Joe-Pye-Weed Eupatorium maculatum
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum
Sweet Joe-Pye-Weed Eupatorium purpureum
Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum
Pale-leaved Sunflower Helianthus strumosus
Bluets Houstonia caerulea
Yellow Stargrass Hypoxis hirsuta
Slender Blue Flag Iris Iris prismatica
Larger Blue Flag Iris Iris versicolor
Canada Lily Lilium candensis
Wood Lily Lilium philadelphicum
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis
Wild Blue Lupine Lupinus perennis
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata
May Lily Maianthemum candense
Solomon's Plume Maianthemum racemosum
Wild Bee-Balm Monarda fistulosa
Virginia Mountain-mint Pycnanthemum virginianum
Meadow Beauty Rhexia virginica
Green-headed Coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata
Starry Campion Silene stellata
Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Bluestem Goldenrod Solidago caesia
Purple Meadowrue Thalictrum dasycarpum
Starflower Trientalis borealis
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata
Birdfoot Violet Viola pedata
Downy Yellow Violet Viola pubescens

Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island - Perennial Ferns

Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moisture Height Comments
Marginal Wood Fern Dryopteris marginalis F-P A-D 24" Fronds blue-green; tolerates rocky sites
Ostrich Fern Mattuccia struthiopteris P-S A 36" Beautiful fronds; fiddleheads edible
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea P-S W-A 36" Attractive cinnamon color fertile frond (spring)
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides P-S A 12" Leathery, evergreen fronds
Sun Exposure Soil Moisture Drought Tolerance
F = Full Sun W = Wet E = Excellent
P = Part Sun A = Average G = Good
S = Shade D = Dry M = Moderate
P = Poor

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