6 Most Common John Deere 5310 Problems & Their Solutions

The John Deere 5310 is a 55 HP 2400 RPM tractor from its E series family is well known for delivering exceptional power and reliability at an affordable range.

There are some common troubleshooting issues such as engine starting problems, transmission overheating or low-pressure issues, steering wheel malfunction, steering, hydraulic system, and transmission failure were reported by several John Deere 5310 users.

But why do these issues occur with John Deere 5310, and how to fix them? Continue reading the following article to get all the answers!

Problems and Solutions at a Glance:

Engine Hard to Start or Will Not StartEnsure sufficient Fuel level/Adjust the hand Primer Correctly/Drain, flush, fill and bleed the Fuel system
Improper Park Pawl Shim Adjustment Install the recommended MFWD or park pawl gear and park pawl service kit.
Transmission Oil Overheating or Low PressureUse the correct oil and fill it to the required level/Properly adjust Hitch feedback linkage or service the Hydraulic motor.
Steering Wheel Tends to Rotate Without ResistanceTop up the hydraulic oil level/ Repair or replace the defective Steering Cylinder/Replace the worn-out steering pump.
Diesel Engine and Steering FailureAdjust the Valve timing correctly/ Add the required level of Hydraulic oil
Hydraulic System FailureCheck & Service the internal Battery Cable connections/Replace the damaged battery or faulty Belt.

6 Most Common Problems with John Deere 5310 and Their Possible Solutions:

Let’s explore the possible reasons behind those common JD 5310 troubleshooting problems and find out the solutions to fix them-

1. Engine Hard to Start or Will Not Start

John Deere 5310 tractor users often complain about engine starting difficulty, hard start, or no start issue.

One user particularly claimed that while he tried to start the JD 5310 engine, it turned over normally but still failed to start.

Engine hard start or no start problems mostly occur when you follow the wrong starting procedure, the engine does not have enough fuel in the tank, or air gets into the fuel system.

Starting difficulty can occur due to heavy crankcase oil or the wrong fuel type.

If somehow the hand primer gets raised, this type of starting problem can occur.

It can arise due to a clogged filter, damaged pump in the fuel system, or incorrect injection pump on-off setting.

The Fix:

First, ensure you have enough fuel in your engine fuel tank, as well as using the correct fuel type, and that there is no presence of unwanted air in the fuel system.

Next, confirm that you are using the correct crankcase oil type and viscosity. Inspect the fuel filter, injection pump, and hand primer’s condition to take the necessary action.

Bleed air out of the system and service or change all the faulty internal components.

2. Improper Park Pawl Shim Adjustment

Even JD 5310 tractor sometimes surprises the user with this awkward issue, where users claim that they could not move the lever or put the transmission in gear while the tractor transmission is in park position or the transmission seemed stuck in the park position.

Often consumers encounter issues like high lever effort to release the transmission from the park position or could not shift the park lever at all and failure of park pawl disengage.

Even some users claimed to notice broken park pawl or MFWD drive gear. These issues occur due to improper park pawl shim adjustment.

The Fix:

Purchase R113840 park gear and RE234474 park pawl kit to install.

3. Transmission Oil Overheating or Low Pressure

Another most highlighted issue of John Deere 5310 tractors is the unexpected transmission oil overheating and low pressure.

Transmission oil mostly tends to overheat due to lack of oil supply, clogged transmission hydraulic oil filter, or internal hydraulic leakage. It might occur due to improper Hitch feedback linkage or faulty Hydraulic motor.

Low transmission pressure issues mostly occur due to insufficient oil and clogged transmission oil filters.

The Fix:

First, inspect the correct oil and change or add more as required. Then, check and replace the clogged Transmission-hydraulic oil filter if needed.

Inspect whether there is any sign of an internal hydraulic leak, and if yes, service to fix it.

Remember to properly adjust the Hitch feedback linkage and plumb the Hydraulic motor correctly.

4. Steering Wheel Tends to Rotate Without Resistance

Several JD 5310 tractor users claimed to notice that sometimes the steering wheel tends to rotate without resistance.

This commotion mostly occurs due to a low hydraulic oil level or a defective steering cylinder. It might arise due to a worn-out steering pump.

The Fix:

First, inspect the hydraulic oil level and top up if needed.

Do not forget to check the current condition of the steering cylinder and steering pump.

Repair or replace the defective Steering Cylinder and the worn-out steering pump.

5. Diesel Engine and Steering Failure

According to the JD 5310 tractor users, sometimes they unexpectedly encounter troubleshooting issues like the diesel engine failing to start, steering not working properly, or complete failure.

The diesel engine mostly fails to work as it is supposed to when you have an incorrect setting of valve timing, worn cylinder bores, or need overhauling. It can arise if there’s a significant presence of leaks between the seats and valves.

Steering not working properly or complete failure can arise when an excess amount of air gets into the internal Hydraulic system or you do not have enough hydraulic oil.

It can also occur if the hydraulic cylinder is broken or damaged.

The Fix:

First, inspect the current condition of the Hydraulic oil and change or add more to keep it at the required level. Inspect the valve timing setting and adjust it correctly, if needed.

Service or change Cylinder bores if require, and bleed the air out of the Hydraulic system. Replace the damaged Steering hydraulic cylinder, if needed.

6. Hydraulic System Failure

Another common issue that often JD 5310 users complain about is Hydraulic system failure, which commonly occurs due to a lack of oil, faulty transmission-hydraulic filter, or pickup screen.

Even some users claimed to notice jerky hydraulic while raising their JD 5310 tractor. The Hydraulic system might fail due to a high-pressure internal leak. Even users reported that Hitch either fails to lift or lifts very slowly.

The Fix:

Check the oil condition and change or add more oil as required. Repair or replace the blocked transmission-hydraulic filter and pickup screen.

Remember to service the high-pressure internal leaks and open the preselector valve if Hitch fails or stops working properly.

What Majority of the Users Feel About The John Deere 5310?

While going through several John Deere consumer reports and YouTube reviews to find out what the experts and consumers think, I discovered that most reviews are positive. 

But people reported experiencing several typical issues while using JD 5310 tractors, and these issues can commonly arise with any utility vehicle. Earlier mentioned issues are the most highlighted complaints posted by most John Deere 5310 users.

Maybe because of these potential problems, it could not earn the perfect ratings from some expert sites, and even the AGROrank gave a 3.06 rating based on their expert reviews.

Besides the fact that there are some typical troubleshooting problems majorly mentioned by the real-time JD 5310 tractor users, consumers and experts also claim that it delivers what the company claims.

Frequently Asked Questions

What HP is a John Deere 5310 tractor?

The John Deere tractor is equipped with strong engine to produce 55HP.

What is the original timeline of the John Deere 5310 tractor model?

The first model was developed and introduced in 2000 and in 2005 John Deere stop this model’s production. Since 2005 John Deere 5310 has been discontinued.

What is the Engine capacity of the John Deere 5310?

The John Deere 5310 model comes with a 3-cylinder engine that contains 2900 CC and 2400 RPM capacity.

What is the oil capacity of the John Deere 5310 & how frequently you should change the oil?

The JD 5310 tractor model has an oil capacity of 9 qts 8.5 L, and the frequency of changing the oil is replacing the oil per 100 H.

Final Thoughts

In today’s article, I tried to provide a collective idea of what common issues one might encounter with their John Deere or JD 5310 tractor.

If you have read each of the problems thoroughly, you must have already understood that these issues are pretty common for such vehicles, and the good news is that all these issues are easily fixable too.

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